200-level mandatory courses introduce students to concepts, methodologies, and critical tools elaborated vis-à-vis further literature and theory and that serve as the framework for other literature courses dedicated to the history of French literature and its cultural and social contexts. 300-level courses encourage students to explore sophisticated primary and secondary sources from disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives. 400-level courses initiate students to research. The actual content of most 400-level courses varies considerably according to the instructor. Students should consult the French Studies Undergraduate brochure for content specific to a given year.