FRE 491H/492H

Independent Study


Advanced students may under certain circumstances, undertake an independent reading and research project of their own choice.

A research project on a literary, linguistic, or second language learning topic to be proposed by the student and supervised by a Faculty member on a topic of common interest, including readings, discussions, papers. A substantive research component is essential to the course. In rare circumstances students can enroll in a scholarly project with no substantive research component (for instance, a literature review), when they can demonstrate they have exhausted all the 400-level course offerings or that they need the course in order to graduate.

Alternatively, students may use the FRE491H/492H designators to either:

- enroll in a half-course at the graduate level, with the permission of the Graduate Secretary (416-926-2305)

The student must have satisfied the general departmental pre-requisites for admissibility to a 400-series FRE course, preferably with a B average in all FRE courses.

Applicants may consult a registry of faculty members stating their fields of specialization to choose the professor who will supervise their essay or study. A list of faculty research interests can be viewed online at

Applicants must follow the procedures outlined in The Guidelines for Independent Study Topics and submit the application form for Senior Essay and Independent Study Proposal, duly signed by their supervisor, to the Associate Chair, Undergraduate Studies. An electronic version of the application must be forwarded to

The deadlines are as follows:

- before the end of the first week of classes in September for F and Y courses;

- before the end of the first week of classes in January for S courses;

- before the end of April for all summer courses.

Prerequisite: Any 300+ FRE Linguistics/Literature/Second language course. Permission of Department.